In light of the recent arsenic in rice scare, many parents are once again in a panic over whether they should feed their babies commercial rice cereal. Arsenic in rice has been a known issue for many years and it likely will be an ongoing one. Arsenic in rice occurs for a variety of reasons. Arsenic may be in the soil or in the water that the rice is grown in. Southern grown rice tested higher and it is thought that this is because the rice fields that once grew cotton were heavily sprayed with a pesticide that contained arsenic (since banned in 2009). Try to avoid rice that is grown in the Southern US and you'll avoid or limit the arsenic that may be in your rice. Rice from California is said to have the lowest concentration of arsenic so it is a good idea to source your dietary rice from California when possible.
The best way to limit exposure to arsenic in rice is to rinse all rice well, avoid rice syrup sweeteners and more importantly, don't offer babies rice cereal as a staple in their diets. Commercial rice cereals tested high across all brands; the arsenic levels were 10 times higher than the limit allowed in drinking water. For more than a century now, rice cereal or some form of creamy rice, has been recommended as the ideal first food for a baby. Two of the reasons that this recommendation endures is because rice is at the bottom of the allergy list and it is relatively easy for a baby to digest. Another reason for the time honored recommendation is that commercial rice cereal is fortified with vitamins and minerals such as iron.
For several years now, there has been a movement away from "baby rice" (that bland wallpaper paste) as baby's first food experience. Dr. Alan Greene, renowned pediatrician and author even started a movement called "White Out Now". His campaign is beautiful in its simplicity; ditch the pasty boxed stuff and offer babies only whole grains. How wonderful to know that within baby's first food" movement there is an army of pediatricians advocating skipping the boxed white rice cereal and instead choosing whole grains and even other more nutrient dense foods.
As noted by Dr. Frank Greer, a member of the [AAP] American Academy of Pediatrics's Committee on Nutrition, in an AAP paper published in November of 2009, "There is no good reason not to introduce meats, vegetables, and fruits as the first complementary foods." According to Dr. Greer, "Rice cereal is a less than perfect choice for the first complementary food given to infants. Rice cereal is low in protein and high in carbohydrates."
Make your baby homemade cereals using whole grains and seeds. You can try quinoa, oatmeal, barley, millet, kamut, buckwheat and pasta (pastina for babies is a great cereal alternative to rice). Find out more about grains that are good for baby by going to Wholesome Baby Food and clicking on GRAINS in the top navigation.
And reminder, rice cereal does not have to be baby's first solid food. With your pediatrician's ok, your baby should be able to enjoy avocado, banana, sweet potato or even butternut squash as a delicious first food alternative.